Fannie Mae was chartered by Congress in 1938 to support liquidity, stability, and affordability in the secondary mortgage market, where existing mortgage-related assets are purchased and sold. Our charter does not permit us to originate loans or lend money directly to consumers in the primary mortgage market.
Our most significant activities are securitizing mortgage loans originated by lenders into Fannie Mae mortgage-backed securities – which we call Fannie Mae MBS – and purchasing mortgage loans and mortgage-related securities for our mortgage portfolio. We obtain funds to purchase mortgage-related assets for our mortgage portfolio by issuing a variety of debt securities in the domestic and international capital markets. We also make other investments that increase the supply of affordable housing.
Federal National Mortgage Association Charter Act (PDF)
(As Amended Through July 30, 2008)
Page last revised: 09/23/11